When it comes to architecture, style does not always meet function. There are a lot of interesting shaped roofs, but the role of a roof is the most important thing. Not all roof shapes can do what is required of them, but some shapes were made for their function.
The gabled roof is shaped like an inverted V, and it is very common in most residential homes. The form of this roof helps to make rain and other debris fall off the house because of the long peak at the top and the slopes down both sides. The drawback to having a gabled roof is that it tends to act like wings and fly off the house in hurricane winds.
The gambrel roof shape is used on upper sections of the house such as the attic. This shape has a small peak at the top with longer slopes at the bottom. This style roof helps there to be more head room in small areas. This is good for when homeowners would like to renovate their attic into a loft space or extra bedroom.
The hip roof looks like a pyramid. It has four triangles that all meet at one point at the top. This roof shape helps to remove rain and other debris because of the slope, and because a gutter system can be placed all along the bottom of the roof. Hip roofs are more durable in storms, and can be put on a wider variety of housing structures. The only real drawback to this shape is that it is more difficult to construct.
The saltbox shaped roof is a pitched roof that slopes down longer in the back than the front. The reason that the saltbox roof slopes down further in the back is that there are two stories in front of one of these homes and just one story in the back. This shaped roof also does a good job of getting rid of rain and other debris by allowing them to fall to the ground because of its pitch.
The flat roof might not be the best at getting rid of rain and debris, but in a warmer climate where storms are more unlikely, they can be excellent shaped roofs. The flat roof is very easy to build and very cost-effective. They are also good at keeping the heat from the sun out of homes and buildings.
While we are considering the importance and functions of the roof, it might be interesting to think of which materials can be used to construct them. I have seen houses built of mud and banana leaves in the rural areas. Well, banana leaves or any other leaves cannot provide all the required functions, but mud is slightly a better option. Baked bricks, wood, and concrete, are most commonly used reliable materials in urban and rural houses. Many unique buildings also use glass on their roofs for a playful filtering of light inside the building which enhances the interiors by the heavenly touch of light. Metal is also used in rainy and snowy areas, but it can be very noisy material to use.
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